Japanese style, according to designers, is the most popular ethnic style now. It is believed that the traditional Japanese culture has developed in the 16-17 centuries, when in the country there was the process of centralization of supreme authority and seeds of capitalism appeared. The art of that time had a clear target audience – the emerging class of urban population, especially wealthy merchants – moneylenders. They were well-versed in luxury goods coming from China and Korea, but at the same time remained faithful to the simplicity and minimalism of a national home. In a geographically small overpopulated country space is especially appreciated. That is why and an internal structure of premises minimizes furniture and other familiar attributes of a home to compensate for its deficit.
For the Japanese philosophy are characteristic focus on inner world, nonsusceptibility for bustle of outside world, ability to see the beautiful in a simple, natural simplicity. Hence the basic principle in an interior of Japanese houses – a lot of clear space, a minimum of things (minimalism).
In the Japanese style there are no contradictions, and the motto of this ethno style: “nothing superfluous and accidental”. Maximum open harmonious space with a minimum amount of furniture, where functionality and natural beauty of natural materials come to the fore. Straight and refined lines, laconic forms create an atmosphere of respectful consonance with nature, to which the national religion of Japan calls to strive.
Japanese interior – is an introvert’s interior, a person, trying to isolate himself from bustle that takes place outside the window of his house, unaffected to chaos, both in his thoughts and in his actions, and able to notice and discern the beauty in the simplest and ordinary.
Japanese style – are, first of all, calm, warm, muted shades and natural materials.
Colour scheme of a Japanese interior is in matte and pastel colours: from beige to cream. Pink-brown, cherry, black and white tones are used for the contrast.
To create an interior in the Japanese style it is necessary to use only natural materials. For example, stones, willow twigs, tiles, cedar, straw, wicker vine. Natural wood: bamboo, dark walnut, black ash tree, red rosewood, light birch, beech. As well as reed, rice paper, rattan, cork, thin wooden veneer, high-quality wallpaper made of natural materials, parquet board, porcelain stoneware of matte shades, river pebbles. Expensive fabrics: silk, unbleached linen, combed cotton, felt and voluminous wool. Porcelain of white, black or rich red colour, matte ceramics, glass, marble, and a minimum of metal.
An interior, created according to the laws of the Japanese style may be described as a kind of designer ode dedicated to the perfection of simplicity and functionality. In a Japanese house everything is aimed at ensuring harmony of a human body and spirit.
The philosophy of a Japanese house is closely connected with the nature – in terms of materials, colour, composition. But its main natural feature – is an ability to transform, change, grow.
External partitions shoji, sliding wooden doors fill a Japanese house with matte glow and protect from bad weather and direct sun, as pasted with a special rice paper, which transmits daylight and is not afraid of rain and wind. In a hot season for these purposes are used sliding partitions yoshido, in them there is used instead of paper reed lattice for good air convection. Partition carefully and maximally open up a space, blur boundaries between a room and an external environment, immersed in an atmosphere of natural bliss. Also are able to unite or divide a space of a Japanese house screens and internal sliding partitions fusuma, with thin frames and covered with rice paper, they are usually decorated with pictures of blossoming trees or views of the mount Fuji, dancing geishas or militant samurai. Fusuma may also be used to fence wall cabinets, where everything from utensils to household appliances is stored. Fusuma – is a prototype of modern compartment wardrobes made from floor to ceiling.
You are welcome to read continuation of the article on the author-designer Antonchenko Tatiana’s personal website: https://3dproject.by/a39192-etno-stili-yaponiya.html
New website with portfolio: https://antinteriordevelopment.com
Specially for the International Association VATIKAM (Paris, France), Tatiana Antonchenko.