This is quite an eclectic style, as it includes in itself influence of two epochs: Georgian (1714 - 1837) and Victorian styles (1837 - 1901). During the reign of the kings o Georges in the English style there is influence of Greece and Ancient Rome. The style is characterized as majestic, restrained, proportional and symmetrical. The reign of Queen Victoria is a time of flourishing of technical knowledge, growth of welfare of people. This period is marked by a rapid growth of opportunities in usage of variety of styles from around the world and different epochs.
In interiors of that time could be present elements borrowed from cultures of India, Japan, China, Mauritania, Ancient Egypt, and also styles of Rococo, Louis XIV, James I, etc.
What is now called the English style «English style» – was created by famous English designer William Morris on the basis of medieval English interior. Secret of the popularity and longevity of this style is that even then Morris was able to feel the “golden mean” between obsolete pomposity of aristocratic castles and the impending technical boom of mass production. The main principle of the English style in an interior – is luxurious and moderate.
Oddly enough, but an interior design in the English style was founded by the architect who has long lived in Italy. Apparently so, in addition to the common elements inherent to this style, in the English classics there is some coldness. Cold, reserved forms correspond to aristocrats’ life of those times – steady and calm. Necessarily in the classic English style, the layout of the house is mandatory presence of front lobby-hall, as well as ceiling decoration by painting, plafond or molding.
The English style in an interior is an embodiment of brevity and functionality, and therefore it is ordered by adherents of classics and conservatives who appreciate mix of beauty and convenience. In an English interior there cannot be found curved lines, everything here is straightforward and carefully planned, there are no nice trinkets. That is, of course there are baubles, but even they are placed on shelves for a reason, but for some purpose – an empty box or a cute piggy-moneybox– pig you will not find here. If there is a box on a shelf, it means that something is stored in it. If an owner of a house wants to have a piggy-moneybox at his disposal, it will be a refined bronze object. In other words, comfort and functionality get along with each other – this is the main requirement of the English interior.
In the English style of an interior should be present natural wood, preferably that there were: oak parquet on the floor, carved oak panels on walls, etc.
English interior – that is primarily kingdom of natural dark wood (mahogany, hazel, bog oak, yew). It is desirable that everything here was from wood: carved oak panels on the walls, oak parquet on the floor. Also there are used carving, forged metal, bronze, marble, stucco, porcelain, stained glass, mirrors, glass, paints, wallpaper, ceramics. Ceramic tile is terracotta or black and white, layered in chess order. Leather, rich fabrics with intricate pattern and luxurious texture – velvet, damask, brocade, taffeta, thin linen, silk.
You are welcome to read continuation of the article on the author-designer Antonchenko Tatiana’s personal website: https://3dproject.by/a34092-etno-stili-angliya.html
Specially for the International Association VATIKAM (Paris, France), Tatiana Antonchenko.