High-tech style in an interior is relatively young – it appeared and became popular in 60-ies of the 20th century. High-tech is a derived from «high technology», high technology. In fact, it is a creative interpretation of high technology. Fans of this style put in the forefront functionality of a room. To sacrifice functionality in favor of design is an exception rather than a rule of the hi-tech style.
High-tech symbolizes progress, technological effectiveness, minimalism and originality. Maximally open space is filled with functional elements, which obey a strict geometry.
The style originated from the design of industrial premises, where all elements of furnishings comply with a functional purpose.
Demonstrates that to what we used to hide: architectural and plumbing items. A function of an object is showed off and then becomes itself an element of a design. This style is characterized by straight sweeping lines, sharp shapes, often executed in metal.
High-tech – is a style of high technology propagandizing aesthetics of material, this style is for people young at heart. Classic hi-tech interior design is primarily a hymn to material and rational arrangement of a space embodied with its help. Almost like being in a cabin of a spaceship, where nothing is superfluous and unnecessary from a practical point of view, where every detail is essential and everything is maximally easy to use. Hi-tech is so sensitive to any presence of an alien object that a minor detail may cause dissonance in an atmosphere.
As main materials there are used glass, metal and plastic. As additional material it is possible to use natural wood, but moderately: high-tech style in an interior – this is not a design of a village house. Ferroconcrete, brick, metal, aluminum, steel, glass, wood, paint, which gives a smooth shiny surface, plaster and stretch ceilings, liquid and volume wallpapers, ceramic tile and natural stone, laminated wood and linoleum, leatherette, plastic of all kinds: firm and flexible, transparent and opaque, smooth or with a vividly distinctive texture and other synthetic materials. Preferred colours – white, black, silver (with a metallic sheen), but bright colour accents are quite admissible.
As the high-tech style in an interior does not welcome an abundance of decorative elements, lack of decor is compensated by «a game of materials». In a room decorated in the style of hi-tech there are always a lot of glass and chrome surfaces, and the play of light on these surfaces makes an interior not dull. As decorative elements it may be used items and structures typical not for residential but for industrial buildings – for example, bent pipes from stainless steel.
Furniture in the hi-tech style is primarily functional: drawers, two sided racks, revolving chairs on wheels like offices. Current furniture should be used to the maximum: for example, why buy a separate cabinet for bed linen when it is possible to buy a bed with drawers and put linen into them? And for those who like to experiment a good choice will be a sofa-transformer. It consists from separate modules that allow changing its shape according to your desire.
Furniture, textiles, glassware and other accessories meet the basic requirements: usability, lack of decor, clear geometric shapes. Entire surface of the furniture should be flat and smooth, and metallic elements and accessories – silver, shiny. Furniture is light. Tables are with strictly rectangular or round glass table tops; chairs with metal legs and backs, and also made of plastic; armchairs and sofas are made of chromed metal and leatherette with a monochrome upholstery (often of radically bright colours); coffee table is on wheels, like a medical one.
Instead of traditional cabinets will better suite rack modules with closed and open sections of any material: plastic or wood, strengthened on a metal frame or transparent, of glass. Doors and walls are of unbreakable (anti-dust) glass, matte or transparent. If there are doors-compartment then, of course, are in aluminum profile. Blinds are on windows. Mirrors are without frames and décor, and on walls there are, of course, graphics, or better black-and-white photo. Tableware is chrome, shiny, of simple and concise forms, expressive in design.
Almost entirely there is no decor. There are openly demonstrated pipes, valves, fittings of ducts, reinforced concrete and massive metal construction, chrome steel columns, cables hanging on far placed pillars, exposed bricks, intensive use of metal, glass, concrete, and also various plastics and other artificial materials – all this are distinctive features of the hi-tech style.
Especially important is the beauty of holders, mounts, bolts, brackets, fasteners and rivets, all kinds of joints and constructive units, etc.
You are welcome to read the full article on the personal website of the author – designer Tatiana Antonchenko: https://3dproject.by/a34081-stil-interera-haj.html
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Specially for the International Association VATIKAM (Paris, France).