The 18th and early 19th century.
Classicism (fr. classicisme, from lat. classicus – exemplary) – artistic and architectural style.
Classicism in architecture has replaced the pompous Rococo style, the style which since the mid-eighteenth century was widely criticized for excessive complexity, pomposity, mannerism, for complication of composition by decorative elements. During this period in the European society the ideas of the enlightenment started to attract more and more attention that found its reflection in architecture. Thus, the attention of architects of that time was attracted by simplicity, laconism, clarity, tranquility and strictness of the ancient, mainly, the Greek architecture.
Style addressed to the ancient heritage as the norm and the ideal model. Characteristic: geometric, regular shapes, restrained décor, expensive quality materials. Interior is not overloaded with details, full of restrained dignity, taste and respectability, instils tranquility and solidity. Classic style of interior is made for a long time and is handed down.
Prevailing and fashionable colours: white, green, pink, purple with gold accent, sky blue.
Materials used: natural wood (walnut, cherry, Karelian birch), mosaic parquet with different inserts of valued, rare types of wood, silver, porcelain, gilt, pearl, bronze, stone, expensive fabrics, leather.
Lines of the style classicism: strict repeated vertical and horizontal lines, bas relief in rounded medallion, smooth generalized pattern, symmetry.
Shape: clearness and geometry shapes, statues on a roof – expressive pompous monumental forms.
Typical elements of an interior of the classicism: moderate decor, round and ribbed columns, pilasters, statues, antique ornament, coffered arch.
Constructions: solid, stable, monumental, rectangular, arched.
Windows of the classicism: rectangular, elongated upward, with modest decoration.
Door of the style classicism: rectangular, panelled; with a massive gabled portal on round and ribbed columns; may be decorated with lions, sphinxes and statues.
Furniture of the epoch of the classicism – solid and respectable, was made of precious sorts of wood. Of great importance is the texture of wood, performing as a decorative element in the interior. Pieces of furniture often were decorated with carved inserts of precious wood. Elements of decor are more moderate but expensive. Shapes of objects are simplified, lines are straightened. There is straightening of legs, surfaces become simpler. Popular colours: mahogany wood plus light bronze finishing. Chairs and armchairs are upholstered with fabrics with floral ornament.
Fireplace, various columns, daggers, moldings, ancient sculptures, wall paintings, silver slides, porcelain, lots of books. Chandeliers and lamps are supplied with crystal pendants and massive enough in execution.
Currently, the style of the classicism may be successfully used as in the spacious halls so as in small rooms, but it is advisable to have high ceilings – then this method of decorating will provide the greatest effect.
To create an interior in the classical style designers usually select appropriate fabrics, as a rule, this theme fits well with bright, rich varieties of textiles, including gobelins, shiny taffeta and velvet.
Bathroom in the style of the classicism.
Bathroom in the style of the classicism looks luxuriously and stylish. Bathroom design in this style supposes a spacious room with large ceilings. The most basic – a bath itself. It is located on the podium or on bent legs.
You are welcome to read the full article on the personal website of the author – designer Tatiana Antonchenko https://3dproject.by/a34072-stil-klassitsizm-glazami.html
Specially for the International Association VATIKAM (Paris, France).
Sincerely yours, Tatiana Antonchenko.